prayer salah Rulings in Islam

prayer salah rulings in islam

 In the beginning, you can see the previous article that talks about prayer in general from here ( Salah in islam ) , because this article is the second part of it… and you can continue if you want ( Prayer Salah Rulings in Islam ) only …

Contents:

1. Pillars of Prayer in Islam.

2. Conditions of Prayer in Islam.

3. Obligations of Prayer in Islam.

4. Sunnah (Recommended Acts) of Prayer in Islam.

5. Nullifiers of Prayer in Islam.

1. Pillars of Prayer in Islam:

A pillar is an essential component of prayer, and if any pillar is missed, the prayer is invalid. There are fourteen pillars of prayer:

1. Intention (Niyyah).

2. Takbeerat al-Ihram (Opening Takbeer).

3. Standing during the obligatory prayer (for those capable of standing).

4. Recitation of Al-Fatiha in every unit (Rak’ah).

5. Bowing (Rukoo’).

6. Rising from bowing (Rising from Rukoo’).

7. Prostration (Sujood).

8. Sitting between the two prostrations.

9. Tranquility in all pillars.

10. Sitting for the final Tashahhud (Testimony of Faith).

11. Uttering the final Tashahhud.

12. Sending blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad in the final Tashahhud.

13. The Salam (Ending the prayer).

14. Observing the proper sequence in all pillars.

2. Conditions of Prayer in Islam:

 

The conditions refer to the factors upon which the validity of prayer depends. If any of these conditions are not met, the prayer is considered invalid. They are divided into two categories:

 

– First: Conditions for the obligation of prayer, which make the prayer obligatory. These conditions include:

 

1. Being a Muslim: Prayer is obligatory for every Muslim, male or female.

2. Reaching the age of maturity (Bulugh): Prayer is obligatory for every adult, and it is not obligatory for children. However, they are encouraged to perform it at the age of seven and are lightly disciplined for it at the age of ten, as the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Command your children to pray at the age of seven, and discipline them for it at the age of ten, and separate them in their beds.”

3. Sanity: Prayer is not obligatory for the insane, the mentally impaired, or those who have lost consciousness.

 

– Second: Conditions for the validity of prayer, which make the prayer valid. These conditions include:

 

1. Purity from urine and feces.

2. Covering the ‘Awrah (private parts).

3. Purification of the body, clothes, and the place of prayer.

4. Knowing the entry time of prayer.

5. Intention: Intending to perform a specific prayer.

6. Facing the Qibla (direction of prayer).

3. Obligations of Prayer in Islam:

Obligation refers to what Allah has commanded as a matter of obligation. The obligations of prayer include:

 

1. Saying all the Takbeers of the prayer except the Opening Takbeer, as the Opening Takbeer is one of the pillars, not an obligation.

2. Saying “Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears whoever praises Him).

3. Saying “Rabbana wa lakal-hamd” (Our Lord, to You is the praise).

4. Saying “Subhana Rabbiyal-‘Adheem” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most Great) in the bowing position (Rukoo’).

5. Saying “Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High) in the prostration position (Sujood).

6. Saying “Rabbighfirli bayna al-sajidayn” (O Lord, forgive me between the two prostrations).

7. The first Tashahhud (Testimony of Faith).

8. Sitting for the first Tashahhud.

4. Sunnah (Recommended Acts) of Prayer in Islam:

Sunnah are the recommended acts that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) performed in prayer. They are divided into two categories:

 

– First: Verbal Sunnah, which are the words to be said in prayer according to the Sunnah. They include:

 

1. Saying “Subhanak Allahumma wa bihamdika, tabarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka” (Glory be to You, O Allah, and praise be to You. Blessed is Your name and exalted is Your majesty, and there is no deity worthy of worship except You) after the Opening Takbeer. This is known as the supplication of seeking refuge.

2. Seeking refuge from Satan by saying “A’oodhu billahi minash-shaytanir-rajim” (I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the accursed).

3. Saying “Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Rahim” (In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful).

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5. Nullifiers of Prayer in Islam:

Nullifiers are actions or conditions that invalidate the prayer. Some common nullifiers include:

 

1. Speaking intentionally during the prayer.

2. Laughing out loud during the prayer.

3. Eating or drinking intentionally during the prayer.

4. Losing the state of purity (wudu) during the prayer.

5. Performing excessive movements that go beyond the necessary actions of prayer.

6. Leaving the prayer area intentionally.

7. Engaging in actions that contradict the proper conduct of prayer, such as turning away from the Qibla or intentionally uncovering the ‘Awrah (private parts).

 

references

Islam web

موقع ابن عثيمين

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