Who is the Lord God in Islam?

the lord god in islam

“There is a very important question that revolves in the mind of every person, and this question is: Who is the Lord God in Islam? Therefore, Quran Moddaker Academy will take you on an enjoyable journey to learn about the Lord in Islam.

But before we embark on this journey, we would like to remind you that you can subscribe to the ( Islamic course ) to learn more about Islam, its teachings, and to gain a detailed understanding of the Lord in Islam, as well as to learn about Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. This can be done through weekly or daily lessons with professional teachers. Now, let’s return to our journey:

1. Who is the Lord in Islam?

2. What are the attributes of Allah?

3. Why did Allah create us?

4. What will be the fate of humans after death?

These are perhaps the most prominent questions that come to your mind, dear reader, as well as in the minds of all humans. So let’s answer these questions together:

 

1. Who is the Lord in Islam:

Well, the Lord in Islam is called ‘Allah,’ which is the majestic name for God. Allah alone is addressed by this name, as no one else has ever been described by this term, and no one on Earth, no matter how powerful, would dare to call themselves by this name.

 

Dear reader, you should know that:

 

1. Allah alone created us, as He says in the Quran:

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱذۡكُرُواْ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡۚ هَلۡ مِنۡ خَٰلِقٍ غَيۡرُ ٱللَّهِ يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۚ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَۖ فَأَنَّىٰ تُؤۡفَكُونَ

(3) O mankind, remember the favor of Allāh upon you. Is there any creator other than Allāh who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded? 

 

 

2. Allah is the one who created the entire universe, including planets, galaxies, and even the heavens, as He says:

إِنَّ فِي ٱخۡتِلَٰفِ ٱلَّيۡلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ وَمَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّقَوۡمٖ يَتَّقُونَ

 night and the day and in all that Allâh has created in the heavens and the earth are Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for those people who keep their duty to Allâh, and fear Him much.   (Quran 10:6).

 

3. Allah created Paradise and Hell, as He says:

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ قُرۡءَانًا عَرَبِيّٗا لِّتُنذِرَ أُمَّ ٱلۡقُرَىٰ وَمَنۡ حَوۡلَهَا وَتُنذِرَ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡجَمۡعِ لَا رَيۡبَ فِيهِۚ فَرِيقٞ فِي ٱلۡجَنَّةِ وَفَرِيقٞ فِي ٱلسَّعِيرِ

(7) And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’ān that you may warn the Mother of Cities [i.e., Makkah] and those around it[1408] and warn of the Day of Assembly, about which there is no doubt. A party will be in Paradise and a party in the Blaze

 (Quran 42:7).

 

4. Allah also created humans and jinn, as He says:

((خَلَقَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنَ مِن صَلۡصَٰلٖ كَٱلۡفَخَّارِ() وَخَلَقَ ٱلۡجَآنَّ مِن مَّارِجٖ مِّن نَّارٖ)) 

 

 14. He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.    

15. And the jinn: He created from a smokeless flame of fire. 

.” (Quran 55:14-15).

 

So now we all know that everything in existence is the creation of Allah alone, whether we perceive it or not.”

 

What are the attributes of God?

 

First, it should be known that Allah Almighty possesses all the attributes that befit His essence. However, we as Muslims should know these attributes, which can be divided as follows:

 

1. Self-Attributes: These are the attributes that indicate the self-existence of Allah without any additional meaning. They include Allah, Al-Ilah (the God), and Al-Qudus (the Holy).

 

2. Negative Attributes: These are the attributes that negate any deficiencies. They are not limited to specific attributes, but we should know five of them in detail because these five attributes are the foundations of negation. They are as follows:

 

1. The attribute of Qidam (Eternity): It means that Allah’s existence has no beginning, and He is the preexisting being before anything else. Allah says in the Quran,

((هُوَ ٱلۡأَوَّلُ وَٱلۡأٓخِرُ))

 

He is the First[] and the Last   .

57:3).

 

2. The attribute of Baqa’ (Everlastingness): It means that Allah’s existence has no end. We believe that Allah is everlasting without any cessation of His existence. Allah says,

((كُلُّ مَنۡ عَلَيۡهَا فَانٖ() وَيَبۡقَىٰ وَجۡهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو ٱلۡجَلَٰلِ وَٱلۡإِكۡرَامِ)).

 

(( Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish()  And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will remain forever)).

(Surah Ar-Rahman, 55:26-27).

 

3. The attribute of Mukhalafah Lil-Hawadith (Contradiction to Created Beings): It means that Allah, in His essence, attributes, and actions, is not similar to His creation. He is not similar to anything in His essence, attributes, or actions. Allah says,

 

((لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِهِۦ شَيۡءٞۖ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ)) .

 

There is nothing like unto Him. and He is the Hearing, the Seeing

 (Surah Ash-Shura, 42:11).

 

4. The attribute of Qiyam bi Nafs (Self-Sufficiency): It means that Allah is not in need of anyone or anything for His existence. He existed before anything, before time and place. Allah says,

((ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُۚ)) .

 

Allâh! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyum (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists)


 2:255).

 

5. The attribute of Wahdaniyah (Oneness): It means that Allah is not multiple in His essence, attributes, or actions. He is One in His essence, attributes, and actions. Negating multiplicity in attributes means that Allah, for example, does not have multiple powers or wills. He has one power through which He does whatever He wills, exalted and glorified be He.

 

3. Attributes of Meanings: These are the perfect attributes that are necessary for Allah, and His perfection has no limits. It is necessary for the accountable person to know seven of these attributes, which are as follows:

 

1. The attribute of Qudrah (Power): It is Allah’s ability to create everything possible or impossible according to His will and knowledge. Allah says, “To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent” (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5:120).

 

2. The attribute of ‘Ilm (Knowledge): It is the attribute through which Allah knows everything in a complete and comprehensive manner, whether it is necessary, impossible, or possible. Allah says, “So if they do not respond to you – then know that the Qur’an was revealed with the knowledge of Allah and that there is no deity except Him” (Surah Al-An’am, 6:56).

 

3. The attribute of Hayah (Life): It is the attribute of Allah’s eternal and self-existing life, which affirms His knowledge, power, and will. Allah says, “Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:255).

 

4. The attribute of Iradah (Will): It means that Allah’s will is always fulfilled according to His wisdom and knowledge. Allah says, “But they will abide therein [i.e., Hellfire] as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will. Indeed, your Lord is an accomplisher of what He intends” (Surah Hud, 11:107).

 

5. The attribute of Kalam (Speech): Indeed, Allah speaks, but His speech is an eternal attribute standing on its own, not in the form of letters, sounds, or anything resembling human speech. It is unlike the speech of people. Allah says, “Messengers as bringers of good tidings and warners, so that mankind will have no argument against Allah after the messengers. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise” (Surah An-Nisa, 4:165).

 

6. The attribute of Sam’ (Hearing): Allah hears all things, and His hearing is perfect. Allah says,I apologize for the incomplete response. Here are the remaining attributes:

 

6. The attribute of Sam’ (Hearing): Allah hears all things, and His hearing is perfect. Allah says, “And if you are in doubt about what We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful. But if you do not – and you will never be able to – then fear the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:23-24).

 

7. The attribute of Basar (Sight): Allah sees all things, and His sight encompasses everything. Allah says, “Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted” (Surah Al-An’am, 6:103).

 

4. Attributes of Will: These are the attributes that demonstrate Allah’s will and choice. They include Al-Irada (Will), Al-Mashi’ah (Desire), and Al-Qada’ wal-Qadr (Decree and Predestination). Allah’s will is the ultimate cause of everything that happens, and His decree encompasses everything.

 

5. Attributes of Action: These are the attributes related to Allah’s actions. They include Al-Khalq (Creation), Al-Tadbeer (Planning), and Al-Inayah (Sustenance and Care). Allah is the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, and He plans and governs all affairs.

 

It is important to note that these attributes are not limited or restricted. They reflect the understanding of Allah’s attributes based on the Quran and the teachings of Islam. Allah’s attributes are perfect and beyond human comprehension, and they are not limited to the ones mentioned here.

 

Fourth: Moral Attributes: These are the attributes that indicate that Allah is characterized by being: Living, Knowledgeable, Willing, Capable, Speaking, Hearing, Seeing.

 

3- Why did Allah create us:

Know, dear reader, that the primary reason for Allah creating us is to worship Him alone. Allah, the Most High, said in the Noble Quran, “And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Quran 51:56).

 

4- What will be the fate of humans after death:

Firstly, it should be known that everything is in the hands of Allah, and He is the one controlling our destiny and the destiny of all His creatures, glory be to Him. However, there are rules and indications that the fate of humans after death depends on what they have done in this world:

– If a person is a Muslim believer, their fate will be Paradise, God willing. Allah says, “And whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, while being a believer – those will enter Paradise and will not be wronged, [even as much as] the speck on a date seed.” (Quran 4:124).

– If a person is a disbeliever, their fate will be the Hellfire, God willing. Allah says, “But those who disbelieved and denied Our signs – those are the companions of the Fire, abiding eternally therein.” (Quran 2:39).

 

Well, this is the end of our article, dear reader. We hope you enjoyed this journey to learn more about the Lord in Islam (Allah). But don’t forget to take a look at:

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some references

https://www.britannica.com/topic/tawhid

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